全球千禧世代對工作的需求

What Millennials Around the World Want from Work
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四張圖表呈現工作需求如何隨地區變化。 改編自亨利克.布萊斯曼所撰〈千禧世代對工作的需求,全球圖表〉 問卷調查由歐洲工商管理學院的新興市場研究所、Universum、Head Foundation執行。

隨著愈來愈多千禧世代擔任領導職位,世界各地的組織日益想了解如何管理他們。最近一項問卷調查以43國的16,000名千禧世代為對象,結果凸顯一些關鍵的地區差異,主管或許會覺得有參考價值。第一,千禧世代希望成為領導人的原因,在不同的地區各不相同。你可以看到圖表右邊的藍色長條,反映這個世代的人很有興趣追求高所得,這點普遍適用於所有地區。

但其他一些原因也很引人注目。較淡的藍色長條,表示想要有機會在公司中獲得影響力,這也很受歡迎。另一方面,有挑戰性的工作是深灰色長條圖,是所有地區最不受歡迎的答案,只有亞洲和非洲除外。

世界各地的千禧世代對自己的主管也有不同期望。右邊的藍色長條,表示有多少比率的千禧世代希望主管賦予權力給員工,這情況在北美、西歐、非洲很普遍。

中東和拉丁美洲的千禧世代,較喜歡可作為榜樣的主管,你可以從淺灰色長條看出來。大多數對千禧世代的分析都會提到,這個群體重視工作與生活的平衡,但他們忽略的是,這個詞對每個人的意義不同。

的確,大多數受訪者對它的定義是,有足夠的私人休閒時間,也就是那條明亮的藍色長條,但這個比率從非洲到北美的差異極大。彈性工作時間,較淺的藍色長條,也在大多數地區很突出,認可和尊重員工也是如此。

當千禧世代被問及生活中的優先事項時,與家人相處在全球的排名很高,也就是這裡的橙色點。把這當成最高優先的地區,包括亞洲、拉丁美洲、北美、西歐。綠點代表擁有成功的職涯,這是在非洲最受歡迎的選擇。

藍點代表學習新事物,這是中歐和中東的首選。這個世代有時被視為既重視物質、又相當重視人際往來,但意外的是,研究人員發現,財富(黑點)和擁有許多好朋友(灰點)其實並非大多數千禧世代的最優先事項。

(劉純佑譯)


Four charts show how they vary by region.Adapted from “What Millennials Want from Work, Charted across the World” by Henrik Bresman Survey conducted by INSEAD’s Emerging Markets Institute, Universum, and the Head Foundation.

As more millennials move into leadership positions, organizations around the world are becoming increasingly interested in how to manage them. A recent survey of more than 16,000 millennials in 43 countries highlight some key regional distinctions that managers might find useful. First, millennials want to become leaders for different reasons in different regions. The right blue bar in the chart you see here reflects this generation’s interest in high future earnings, something that was popular in all regions.

But other reasons stood out too. The paler blue bar shows interest in opportunities to gain influence in the company, it was also popular. Challenging work on the other hand, which is the dark gray bar, was the least popular answer in every region except Asia and Africa.

Millennials around the world also want different things from their managers. The right blue bar represents the percent of millennials who want a manager who empowers their employees, which was popular in North America, Western Europe and Africa.

Millennials in the Middle East and Latin America preferred a manager who could be a role model, which you can see from the light gray bar. Most analyses of millennials will mention that this cohort values work-life balance, but what they miss is that this term doesn't mean the same thing to everyone.

It's true that most respondents define it as having enough leisure time for my private life, which is the bright blue bar, but the percentage that did so varied widely from Africa to North America. Flexible working hours, the lighter blue bar also stood out across most regions, as did recognition and respect for the employees.

When millennials were asked about their priorities in life, spending time with family ranked highly around the world. That’s the orange dot here. It was the top priority for those in Asia, Latin America, North America, and Western Europe. The green dot represents having a successful career, that was most popular choice in Africa.

The blue dot represents learning new things, which was the top choice in Central Europe and the Middle East. Perhaps surprisingly for a generation sometimes seen as both materialistic and pretty social, the researchers found that both wealth, the black dot, and having many good friends, the gray dot, were not actually top priorities for most millennials.



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